1）She being my friend, I should have helped her. (人称代词逻辑主语用主格,逻辑主语与分词形成主谓关系用现在分词)
2）More time given, we should have done it much better. (逻辑主语与分词形成动宾关系（被动）用过去分词)
3）The students having done all the exercises, the teacher went on to explain the text.(强调分词发生的时间在主语动词的时间以前用现在分词的完成时)
4）Her money (having been )stolen, she couldn’t buy a plane ticket for her home. (同上，此句中being / having been常可省略)
5）There being no bus, we had to go back home on foot.( there being +逻辑主语是独立分词结构的一种特殊形式，表示存在，相当于一个状语)
How I regretted the days when I had played and should have studied.
You shouldn’t have told anyone about it.
2）must + have +过去分词
表示对过去状况的推测，意为“务必， 想必，可能”。表示对过去状况的否定推测用“can’t (couldn’t) + have +过去分词”，不用“mustn’t + have +过去分词”，反意疑问句用have (has)。有明确表示过去时间的状语（before除外）时反意疑问句用did。
Since the ditch is full of water, it must have rained last night.
Joe can’t have left. I saw him just now.
The party couldn’t have been successful as you had hoped.
He must have finished his homework, hasn’t he?
He must have attended the meeting yesterday evening, didn’t he?
3）may (might) + have +过去分词
表示对过去状况的推测。用might + have +过去分词能用于肯定句、否定句，但不用于疑问句。
In return I may have been able to teach you a little about medical technique.
Might he have been caught and killed?错误
4）can (could) + have+过去分词
They can’t have lost themselves in the woods, because I drew a map to them.
Bill couldn’t have gone home this weekend. I saw him at the school ground this morning.
5）need + have +过去分词
Need you have watched TV last night?
You needn’t have woken me up so early. It’s Sunday today.
6）would + have +过去分词
表示“本应该……，而未……”，would like to have +过去分词表示“过去希望做……但未……”。
We would have argued with you.
I would like to have seen the film.
As is planned, we got there before eight.
He has succeeded in his career, as / which we all hope.
Her grandma died last week, which made her very sad.
She told us that there was something wrong with her bike, which was true.
He asked业余，这个就比较好理解了，一般就是周六日或者有的地方是晚上上课，不会跟我们的工作在时间上有冲突，非常适合在职的人去选择，工作学习两不耽误，还是比较不错的。成人高考的学习形式，大家在选择的时候一定要结合自己的实际情况去选择，不管怎样，脱产，函授，业余三种学习方式，总有一个适合你。 her to help him with his English, which she did.
There was a look of love in the teacher’s eyes, such as mothers have for their children.
as is well known / as we all know众所周知as is said above正如上面所说
as might be imagined正如所想象的那样as is reported如报道所说
as has been pointed如所指出的那样as is expected正如所料